Accord­ing to a World Intel­lec­tual Prop­erty Orga­ni­za­tion sur­vey, the aver­age intel­lec­tual prop­erty case costs between $475,000 and $500,000 to lit­i­gate, com­pared to medi­a­tion, where costs do not usu­ally exceed $100,000.  While will­ing par­ties see the clear eco­nomic ben­e­fits of the lat­ter, there are pit­falls that can derail the process.  This Q&A with set­tle­ment judges regard­ing how they pre­pare com­plex cases for set­tle­ment high­lights ele­ments of suc­cess and what to avoid.  For exam­ple, clear goals and expec­ta­tions are para­mount, and one should abstain from con­vinc­ing the medi­a­tor of the valid­ity of his or her client’s posi­tion, as this behav­ior can ren­der one as inflex­i­ble in the eyes of the neutral.